Czołówka Film Studio

(Wytwórnia Filmowa "CZOŁÓWKA")
   The origins of the Czołówka studio date back to 1943, when the Military Film Unit "Czołówka" (Czołówka Filmowa Wojska Polskiego) was formed to document the struggles of Polish soldiers fighting alongside the Red Army. Since its beginnings, the unit was headed by Aleksander Ford who worked with Polish and Russian filmmakers, including some members of the prewar group START. It was the first film production center in Poland whose task was to produce documentary films and the Polish Newsreel. Czołówka is responsible for some classic documentary films, such as The Battle of Kolberg (1945), produced by Jerzy Bossak, and Majdanek: The Cemetery of Europe (1944), produced by Bossak and Ford. The film studio Czołówka was formally founded in 1958, and it operated under the supervision of the Ministry of National Defense. The studio specialized in (often propagandist) educational and historical films and focused mostly on military themes. For example, one of Krzysztof Kieslowski's documentary films, I Was a Soldier (1970), was made for this studio. In 2005 Czołówka incorporated the Irzykowski Film Studio.
   Historical Dictionary of Polish Cinema by Marek Haltof

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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  • Marczewski, Wojciech — (1944 )    Highly regarded in Poland as a film director and screenwriter, Marczewski initially worked at the SE MA FOR and Czołówka studios, where he directed several television films mostly referring to World War II. From 1972 to 1994, he was a… …   Guide to cinema

  • Polish Newsreel — (Polska Kronika Filmowa, PKF)    PKF was a documentary newsreel, approximately ten minutes long, usually shown before a main feature in Polish cinema theaters from 1944 to 1995. This filmic newspaper, which followed the documentary tradition of… …   Guide to cinema

  • Ford, Aleksander — (1908 1980)    The controversial father of post 1945 Polish cinema, Ford started his career with a series of documentary films in 1928. His much praised narrative debut, The Legion of the Street (Legion ulicy, 1932), voted the best film of the… …   Guide to cinema

  • Sobociński, Witold — (1929 )    One of the most esteemed Polish cinematographers. After graduating from the Łódź Film School in 1955, Sobociński worked for television (1955 1959) and the studio Czołówka (1959 1964). In the mid 1960s, he worked as a camera operator on …   Guide to cinema

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